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Preventing Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a preventable disease. Women are particularly at high risk and should take preventative steps by getting enough calcium and vitamin D and doing weight-bearing exercises at least five times a week. This could include brisk walking, running, or dancing. In addition, lifting weights is well-known to increase bone mass, while cigarettes and excessive alcohol cause a decline in bone mass. Women going through menopause tend to experience severe bone loss, which is why doctors recommend that you get 1,000 milligrams of calcium daily, alongside vitamin D. Also, reevaluate your exercise regimen because exercise not only builds bones, but also increases strength, flexibility, and balance. As you age, it becomes more difficult to maintain muscle mass. The incidence of bone loss tapers off in elderly people, 65 or over. Therefore, increasing your calcium intake to 1,500 milligrams every day is crucial, and this should be accompanied by 400 to 600 international units of vitamin D to help in calcium absorption.  

What is Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative joint disease, is the gradual and painful deterioration of the joint cartilage. This is the most common form of arthritis, affecting more than 16 million Americans. The symptoms typically emerge before age 45 in men and after 55 in women. Statistically, men are more likely to have osteoarthritis in their hips, knees, and spine while women experience the symptoms in their hands and knees. The symptoms usually develop slowly over many years and are often characterized by pain and stiffness after a strenuous activity. Your joint might be stiff but tend to loosen up with movement.  


Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disease that damages the synovial tissue connecting bones and tissue. In addition to being one of the most crippling forms of arthritis, it is known to start at any age, usually between 20 and 45 years. Rheumatoid arthritis usually begins with fatigue and flu-like symptoms for several weeks or months and typically affects multiple joints, mainly at the fingers, wrists, elbows, knees, ankles, or feet. The pain experienced in the affected joints may continue even without movement. Stiffness that lasts for an hour or longer is also common. Despite that the most obvious damage occurs in joints, the disease also affects other parts of the body, particularly the heart, lungs, blood vessels, eyes, lymph nodes, and spleen. Your greatest chance at achieving relief from the pain is by actively using a treatment regimen. These include the prompt recognition of flare-ups and adequate maintenance of joint function with regular exercise.


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